Nguyên nhân dẫn đến các cuộc khủng hoảng bong bóng bất động sản

Sau những tác hại trực tiếp đến nền kinh tế, an sinh xã hội, sự bền vững của thị trường bất động sản, cuộc khủng hoảng bong bóng bất động sản năm 2007, năm 2010 vẫn chưa được khắc phục hoàn toàn.

Vậy bong bóng bất động sản là gì? Nguyên nhân dẫn đến khủng hoảng bong bóng bất động sản do đâu? Cùng chúng tôi tìm hiểu những phân tích, nhận định từ phía các chuyên gia.

Nguyên nhân tạo bong bóng bất động sản

Các chuyên gia chỉ ra rằng: Những năm vừa qua đã xảy ra các cuộc khủng hoảng bong bóng bất động sản năm 2007, năm 2010; khủng hoảng đóng băng thị trường bất động sản giai đoạn 2008 – 2009 và giai đoạn 2011 – 2013 để lại hậu quả rất lớn, nguyên nhân bắt nguồn là do:

Đầu tiên phải nhắc đến sự tăng trưởng GDP năm 2007 đạt 8,48% là mức rất cao, đây cũng là năm được đánh giá là nền kinh tế Việt Nam tăng trưởng toàn diện. Tại thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, mức tăng trưởng GRDP đạt mức 12,6% năm 2007, cũng là mức tăng trưởng cao nhất trong 10 năm kể từ năm 1997. Vì vậy,  nhiều doanh nghiệp và người dân chọn kênh đầu tư bất động sản để kinh doanh và đầu tư .

Tiếp đến là do chính sách nới lỏng tín dụng, cho vay dưới chuẩn quy định, điều này thể hiện tăng trưởng tín dụng năm 2007 cao lên đến hơn 37%, trong đó, có một phần rất lớn đổ vào bất động sản, nguồn vốn xã hội cũng đổ vào đầu tư kinh doanh. Như vậy, hiện tượng kiểm soát không chặt chẽ nguồn vốn vay tín dụng đã có dấu hiệu. Đến thời điểm này, sự quản lý lỏng lẻo, không chặt chẽ dẫn đến bong bóng bat dong san 2017, bong bóng nhà đất 2017 còn tồn dư.

Nguyên nhân xuất hiện bong bóng bất động sản Việt Nam 2018 là do rất nhiều nhà đầu tư kinh doanh bất động sản thứ cấp, môi giới đi đôi với các đợt sóng tăng giá có tần số chóng mặt, và xuất hiện dấu hiệu có giới đầu cơ bất động sản điều chỉnh và cầm trịch các đợt sốt giá.

Ngoài ra còn do hệ quả của gói kích cầu đầu tư với quy mô lớn tương đương 1 tỷ USD vào giữa năm 2009. Hệ quả này có thể do nguồn vốn đầu tư vào bất động sản không được kiểm soát chặt chẽ.

Cũng theo Hiệp hội, những cuộc khủng hoảng đóng băng  thị trường bất động sản giai đoạn trong 2008 – 2009; giai đoạn 2011 – 2013 do tình hình khủng hoảng kinh tế thế giới năm 2008 đã tác động tiêu cực đến nền kinh tế  của Việt Nam. Hơn nữa, mối quan hệ hữu cơ giữa chỉ số tăng trưởng GDP và thị trường bất động sản cũng đã thể hiện rất rõ qua các năm: Tăng trưởng GDP năm 2009 sụt giảm, chỉ đạt 5,32%; Tăng trưởng GDP chỉ đạt 6,23% năm 2008 (thấp hơn kế hoạch đặt ra là 8,5 – 9%).

Ngoài ra, thị trường bất động sản năm 2012 đã xuất hiện 02 vấn nạn, đó là hàng tồn kho và nợ xấu. Con số được thống kê của Ngân hàng Nhà nước thì nợ xấu bất động sản là 28.000 tỷ đồng, chiếm 13,5% tổng số dư nợ bất động sản. Chỉ tính riêng  tại thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, bong bong bat dong san hcm với nợ xấu đã là 4.125 tỷ đồng, chiếm 6,27%, hàng tồn kho lên đến 14.000 căn hộ không bán được.

Như vậy có thể thấy nguyên nhân dẫn đến các cuộc khủng hoảng bong bóng bất động sản bao gồm cả nguyên nhân bên  trong lẫn nguyên nhân bên ngoài và di chứng vẫn còn kéo dài đến thời điểm này bong bong bds 2017 vẫn chưa thể khắc phục được hết. Thị trường bất đông sản 2017 bong bóng vẫn còn tồn tại.

>>>Xem thêm: Tình hình phát triển Condotel có thể gây bất ổn

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